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WordPress breadcrumbs without a plugin


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Breadcrumbs plays an important role in modern web design, now a days it becomes an essential part of web site navigation. Here is a function which will enable breadcrumbs on a WordPress blog with out a plugin.

Add below function to your functions.php in WordPress theme and call the function ‘maxthemes_breadcrumbs’, where you want to display breadcrumbs.

Add to functions.php

 
<?php
function maxthemes_breadcrumbs() {
  $delimiter = '&raquo;';
  $home = 'Home'; // text for the 'Home' link
  $before = '<span class="current">'; // tag before the current crumb
  $after = '</span>'; // tag after the current crumb
    echo '<div id="crumbs">';
    global $post;
    $homeLink = home_url();
    echo '<a href="' . $homeLink . '">' . $home . '</a> ' . $delimiter . ' ';
 
    if ( is_category() ) {
      global $wp_query;
      $cat_obj = $wp_query->get_queried_object();
      $thisCat = $cat_obj->term_id;
      $thisCat = get_category($thisCat);
      $parentCat = get_category($thisCat->parent);
      if ($thisCat->parent != 0) echo(get_category_parents($parentCat, TRUE, ' ' . $delimiter . ' '));
      echo $before . 'View by "' . single_cat_title('', false) . '"' . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_day() ) {
      echo '<a href="' . get_year_link(get_the_time('Y')) . '">' . get_the_time('Y') . '</a> ' . $delimiter . ' ';
      echo '<a href="' . get_month_link(get_the_time('Y'),get_the_time('m')) . '">' . get_the_time('F') . '</a> ' . $delimiter . ' ';
      echo $before . get_the_time('d') . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_month() ) {
      echo '<a href="' . get_year_link(get_the_time('Y')) . '">' . get_the_time('Y') . '</a> ' . $delimiter . ' ';
      echo $before . get_the_time('F') . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_year() ) {
      echo $before . get_the_time('Y') . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_single() && !is_attachment() ) {
      if ( get_post_type() != 'post' ) {
        $post_type = get_post_type_object(get_post_type());
        $slug = $post_type->rewrite;
        echo '<a href="' . $homeLink . '/' . $slug['slug'] . '/">' . $post_type->labels->singular_name . '</a> ' . $delimiter . ' ';
        echo $before . get_the_title() . $after;
      } else {
        $cat = get_the_category(); $cat = $cat[0];
        echo get_category_parents($cat, TRUE, ' ' . $delimiter . ' ');
        echo $before . get_the_title() . $after;
      } 
    } elseif ( is_attachment() ) {
      $parent = get_post($post->post_parent);
      //$cat = get_the_category($parent->ID); $cat = $cat[0];
      //echo get_category_parents($cat, TRUE, ' ' . $delimiter . ' ');
      echo '<a href="' . get_permalink($parent) . '">' . $parent->post_title . '</a> ' . $delimiter . ' ';
      echo $before . get_the_title() . $after; 
    } elseif ( is_page() && !$post->post_parent ) {
      echo $before . get_the_title() . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_page() && $post->post_parent ) {
      $parent_id  = $post->post_parent;
      $breadcrumbs = array();
      while ($parent_id) {
        $page = get_page($parent_id);
        $breadcrumbs[] = '<a href="' . get_permalink($page->ID) . '">' . get_the_title($page->ID) . '</a>';
        $parent_id  = $page->post_parent;
      }
      $breadcrumbs = array_reverse($breadcrumbs);
      foreach ($breadcrumbs as $crumb) echo $crumb . ' ' . $delimiter . ' ';
      echo $before . get_the_title() . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_search() ) {
      echo $before . 'Search results for "' . get_search_query() . '"' . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_tag() ) {
      echo $before . 'Posts tagged "' . single_tag_title('', false) . '"' . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_author() ) {
       global $author;
      $userdata = get_userdata($author);
      echo $before . 'Articles posted by ' . $userdata->display_name . $after;
 
    } elseif ( is_404() ) {
      echo $before . 'Error 404' . $after;
    }
 
    if ( get_query_var('paged') ) {
      if ( is_category() || is_day() || is_month() || is_year() || is_search() || is_tag() || is_author() ) echo ' (';
      echo ' - Page' . ' ' . get_query_var('paged');
      if ( is_category() || is_day() || is_month() || is_year() || is_search() || is_tag() || is_author() ) echo ')';
    }
 
    echo '&nbsp;&nbsp;</div>';
}
 
?>

Call the above function on WordPress template

 
<?php if (function_exists('maxthemes_breadcrumbs')) maxthemes_breadcrumbs(); ?>

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